Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence,  if it follows the rule or moral law. According to the deontological view, people have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts "truth-telling" for exampleor follow an objectively obligatory rule as in rule utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant's theory of ethics is considered deontological for several different reasons. Kant's argument that to act in the morally right way, one must act from duty, begins with an argument that the highest good must be both good in itself, and good without qualification.
Develops character, not just obey laws this is a strength. You develop an image of what the ideal person is. The wise teach the young. Holds up virtues as ideals, as well as determinants of morality. In the middle ages in the Western world, the definition changes to Christian following the example of Jesus.
A good person today is a virtuous person, a person who functions. Definitions of virtue vary. For example, as in heroes. A hero could be a political hero, a war hero.
It can be all kinds of heroes, with its own definition of virtue. Male and Female Ethics Women tend to live in a world of social relations, emotions. It contrasts with men who tend to live in a world of principle.
If you leave it to men alone, we would live in a very competitive and individualistic world. Immanuel Kant [Duty Ethics] 5. Pure reasoning is the source of morality. In other words, the most basic thing about people is, they want to live in a good society, have relationships with other people.
He said we have an obligation to do the right thing. Duty Ethics say we have a duty to achieve good. How do you figure out what is good? He says your reasoning can figure that out. He also says, to be moral, an action must be voluntary. Morality is a conscious action according to his way of thinking.
He says, morality is discovered by pure reason not by law or consequences. Duty Ethics is a very famous system. Here are the rules for Duty Ethics: First, act only according to that maxim rulewhich can be a universal law for all people in all circumstances.
In other words, using your pure reasoning. You can come up with what is the moral way to behave. It says, it makes sense to be truthful. This maxim is universal, and applies to everybody in all circumstances, there is no exception to the rule, as in the example a lie is a lie, is a lie Categorical Imperative.
Second, how do you check to make sure that you have come up with a good rule?
This calls for the principle of Reversibility. It says, the maxim rule is right if one would want to be treated that way themselves.
This is called Practical Imperative. It says, find a rule that is the virtuous way of acting, the moral way of acting. To use each other is immoral. Like other systems, it places responsibility directly on the individual.
Insists on rules that are logical and applicable to all. It tries to be consistent. He does not indicate which rules you should follow. What should I do?Ethical systems can generally be broken down into three categories: deontological, teleological and virtue-based ethics.
The first two are considered deontic or action-based theories of morality because they focus entirely on the actions which a person performs. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong.
Explore 3 types of ethical systems. Teleological and deontological ethics focus on what you should do, while virtue-based ones ask who you should be. To have a fully aligned ethical culture, the systems must all send employees consistent messages that point in the direction of ethical behavior.
Cultures can range from strongly aligned ethical cultures to strongly aligned unethical cultures (where all systems support unethical behavior). Ethical Systems. There are eight major ethical systems described in the text and one more worthy of some attention.
They are very briefly described here. The picture above suggests a way to integrate ethical systems on the basis of the structure of action.
Ethical reflection can begin with the acting subject, the.