The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler We live, not feeling the country beneath us, Our speech inaudible ten steps away, But where they're up to half a conversation -- They'll speak of the Kremlin mountain man. His thick fingers are fat like worms, And his words certain as pound weights.
Why Did Democracy Fail? After its defeat in World War I, Germany adopted a democratic form of government with a constitution and free elections.
But barely 14 years later, the elected German parliament voted to hand over its powers to Adolph Hitler. Inthe modern state of Germany was formed. During the 19th century, many people had yearned to unite Germany, but one man was responsible, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Prussia.
Working for the Prussian monarch, Bismarck had provoked two short wars—one with Austria and the other with France—to achieve his goal of uniting Germany. The new reich had a constitution and parliament Reichstag. But the power rested with the chancellor chosen by the emperor, the kaiser.
When war erupted between Austria and Serbia, Russia and France threatened to intervene.
World War I had broken out. Kaiser Wilhelm largely ignored the Reichstag and directed the war along with his top generals headed by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg. Germany had to fight on two main fronts—the eastern and western. In the east, the war went well. A new communist government in Russia sued for peace in In the west, the Germans advanced quickly, but were stopped about 60 miles from Paris.
The western front turned into a stalemate, with neither side able to advance.
Inhowever, the United States entered the war against Germany. Throughout the war, the kaiser and his generals had assured the German people of victory. In the fall ofhowever, with defeat certain, the German generals suddenly called for an armistice, a ceasefire until the signing of a peace treaty.
Most Germans were shocked. As a condition of the armistice, U. President Woodrow Wilson demanded that Kaiser Wilhelm give up his monarchy. The kaiser agreed and left Germany for exile in Holland. The German Reichstag assumed the responsibility of signing a peace treaty.
Before the Reichstag politicians could act, mutinies by sailors, soldiers, and workers broke out all over Germany. Many set up local governing councils and called for communism as in Russia. The German army and marauding bands of right-wing soldiers broke up these governing councils.
Amid the pandemonium, the politicians in the Reichstag promised a new form of government—a democracy. Despite the chaos and a Communist Party boycott, 83 percent of German voters including women for the first time turned out in January to elect a National Assembly.
The purpose of this body was to write a new constitution and negotiate a peace treaty with the victorious Allied Powers. The city was considered safer from left- and right-wing extremists than Berlin, the capital.
The delegates debated a constitution for several months and finally agreed to adopt a republic, a representative form of democracy. The members of the upper house were appointed by regional governments.
Each German state sent representatives to this body based on its population. The upper house approved or rejected laws passed by the lower house, the Reichstag.Aug 09, · Recent Posts.
George Armstrong Custer (career at the U.S. Military Academy – West Point almost ended) Each of the 50 independent, sovereign states of the Union is a FOREIGN COUNTRY with respect to the other 49 Union states AND with respect to the United States government.
Hitler's rise to chancellor came about because of the political problems Germany faced rather than being elected for the position. A number of long-term factors contributed to him becoming chancellor, and were the basis of how he did it. It must be noted that a great deal of why he became chancellor was linked to the problems that existed in Germany 5/5.
Why did Hitler become Chancellor? Many Historians agree the key event of Hitler´s rise to power was his appointment of Chancellor the 30th of January by the former German President von Hindenburg, who ruled the country since and was reelected in Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Comments. Brother Nathanael April 18, @ pm. Hitler’s most trenchant speech, Freedom Or Slavery, as author John Toland observes, is Hitler’s “reasonable explanation” of Jewry’s power both in Germany, Europe, and in America. The root causes of World War 2.
We can count many causes of World War 2, political and others, but the three root causes of World War 2 were: The Prussian Militarism - developed in years of history, it was the force that made Germany so powerful, and made it possible for a man like Adolf Hitler to gain total control of it.; Adolf Hitler - a madman and political genius, Adolf Hitler re.